4th Grade Nature of Science
N.1.1: Raise questions about the natural world, use appropriate reference materials that support understanding to obtain information (identifying the source), conduct both individual and team investigations through free exploration and systematic investigations, and generate appropriate explanations based on those explorations.
N.1.2: Compare the observations made by different groups using multiple tools and seek reasons to explain the differences across groups.
N.1.3: Explain that science does not always follow a rigidly defined method ("the scientific method") but that science does involve the use of observations and empirical evidence.
N.1.4: Attempt reasonable answers to scientific questions and cite evidence in support.
N.1.5: Compare the methods and results of investigations done by other classmates.
N.1.6: Keep records that describe observations made, carefully distinguishing actual observations from ideas and inferences about the observations.
N.1.7: Recognize and explain that scientists base their explanations on evidence.
N.1.8: Recognize that science involves creativity in designing experiments.
N.2.1: Explain that science focuses solely on the natural world.
N.3.1: Explain that models can be three dimensional, two dimensional, an explanation in your mind, or a computer model.
4th Grade Physical Science
P.10.1: Observe and describe some basic forms of energy, including light, heat, sound, electrical, and the energy of motion.
P.10.2: Investigate and describe that energy has the ability to cause motion or create change.
P.10.3: Investigate and explain that sound is produced by vibrating objects and that pitch depends on how fast or slow the object vibrates.
P.10.4: Describe how moving water and air are sources of energy and can be used to move things.
P.11.1: Recognize that heat flows from a hot object to a cold object and that heat flow may cause materials to change temperature.
P.11.2: Identify common materials that conduct heat well or poorly.
P12.1: Recognize that an object in motion always changes its position and may change its direction.
P.12.2: Investigate and describe that the speed of an object is determined by the distance it travels in a unit of time and that objects can move at different speeds.
P.8.1: Measure and compare objects and materials based on their physical properties including: mass, shape, volume, color, hardness, texture, odor, taste, attraction to magnets.
P.8.2: Identify properties and common uses of water in each of its states.
P.8.3: Explore the Law of Conservation of Mass by demonstrating that the mass of a whole object is always the same as the sum of the masses of its parts.
P.8.4: Investigate and describe that magnets can attract magnetic materials and attract and repel other magnets.
P.9.1: Identify some familiar changes in materials that result in other materials with different characteristics, such as decaying animal or plant matter, burning, rusting, and cooking.